There are important interactions between climate and air quality strategies, and development, economic and social policy objectives. However, maximizing the potential co-benefits from these - well-documented - interactions poses a host of complex challenges to decision makers. Unless put into context, these interactions could not only prohibit a cost-effective solution to both problems, but also lead to important trade-offs that unnecessarily waste important resources.
Model analyses, based on latest scientific findings and validated data, can provide valuable information on the design of (cost-)effective strategies that meet multiple policy objectives and yield potentially large economic synergies.
With an interdisciplinary team of researchers, AIR builds innovative methodologies that bring together relevant insights from recent research on geo-physical and economic aspects of pollution control. The program develops advanced analytical tools to identify pollution control strategies that put least burden to the economy while maximizing a wide range of environmental benefits. Together with a network of collaborators, AIR uses these tools to inform international negotiations and national planners in different regions of the world.
Karambelas A, Holloway T, Kiesewetter G, & Heyes C (2018). Constraining the uncertainty in emissions over India with a regional air quality model evaluation. Atmospheric Environment 174: 194-203. DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.11.052.
Vanham D, Hoekstra AY, Wada Y, Bouraoui F, de Roo A, Mekonnen MM, van de Bund WJ, Batelaan O, et al. (2018). Physical water scarcity metrics for monitoring progress towards SDG target 6.4: An evaluation of indicator 6.4.2 “Level of water stress”. Science of the Total Environment 613: 218-232. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.056.
Obersteiner M, Bednar J, Wagner F, Gasser Thomas, Ciais P, Forsell N, Frank S, Havlik P, et al. (2018). How to spend a dwindling greenhouse gas budget. Nature Climate Change 8 (1): 7-10. DOI:10.1038/s41558-017-0045-1.
Scott C E, Arnold S R, Monks S A, Asmi A, Paasonen P, & Spracklen D (2018). Substantial large-scale feedbacks between natural aerosols and climate. Nature Geoscience 11 (1): 44-48. DOI:10.1038/s41561-017-0020-5.
Last edited: 10 May 2017
Access to GAINS-online
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313