Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases (AIR)

Around the world, AIR's systems approach is framing new policies that maximize co-benefits between air quality management, greenhouse gas mitigation and other policy priorities.

© Vicki France |

© Vicki France |

There are important interactions between climate and air quality strategies, and development, economic and social policy objectives. However, maximizing the potential co-benefits from these - well-documented - interactions poses a host of complex  challenges to decision makers. Unless put into context, these interactions could not only prohibit a cost-effective solution to both problems, but also lead to important trade-offs that unnecessarily waste important resources.

Model analyses, based on latest scientific findings and validated data, can provide valuable information on the design of (cost-)effective strategies that meet multiple policy objectives and yield potentially large economic synergies.

With an interdisciplinary team of researchers, AIR builds innovative methodologies that bring together relevant insights from recent research on geo-physical and economic aspects of pollution control. The program develops advanced analytical tools to identify pollution control strategies that put least burden to the economy while maximizing a wide range of environmental benefits. Together with a network of collaborators, AIR uses these tools to inform international negotiations and national planners in different regions of the world. 

Recent AIR Publications

Purohit I & Purohit P (2018). Performance assessment of grid-interactive solar photovoltaic projects under India’s national solar mission. Applied Energy 222: 25-41. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.135.

Zhang S, Ren H, Zhou W, Yu Y, Ma T, & Chen C (2018). Assessing air pollution abatement co-benefits of energy efficiency improvement in cement industry: A city level analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production 185: 761-771. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.02.293.

Li C, Borken-Kleefeld J, Zheng J, Yuan Z, Ou J, Li Y, Wang Y, & Xu Y (2018). Decadal evolution of ship emissions in China from 2004 to 2013 by using an integrated AIS-based approach and projection to 2040. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18 (8): 6075-6093. DOI:10.5194/acp-18-6075-2018. (In Press)

Portugal-Pereira J, Koberle A, Lucena AFP, Rochedo PRR, Imperio M, Carsalade AN, Schaeffer R, & Rafaj P (2018). Interactions between global climate change strategies and local air pollution: lessons learnt from the expansion of the power sector in Brazil. Climatic Change: 1-17. DOI:10.1007/s10584-018-2193-3. (In Press)

Huang Y, Unger N, Storelvmo T, Harper K, Zheng Y, & Heyes C (2018). Global radiative effects of solid fuel cookstove aerosol emissions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 18 (8): 5219-5233. DOI:10.5194/acp-2017-894.

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Last edited: 10 May 2017


Markus Amann

Program Director

Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases

T +43(0) 2236 807 432

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International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313