Some Recent Key findings of AIR's Research

Policy-relevant findings of AIR (formerly MAG) research are regularly published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.


More than 80% of world population are exposed to harmful air pollution 

- More than 80% of the world’s population is currently exposed to ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter above the WHO Air Quality Guideline value, while more than 30% also exceed the WHO Interim Target-Tier 1 level.- 3.3 billion people were estimated to use solid fuel for cooking in 2005 in Sub Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Pacific Asia, leading to high exposure to indoor air pollution.- Global health impacts from outdoor air pollution in 2005 are estimated at 2.7 million annual deaths and 23 million annual disability adjusted life years (DALYs).- 2.1 million annual deaths and 41.6 million annual DALYs lost due to solid fuel use and related indoor smoke in developing countries.  More

A small set of measures could improve human health, food security and reduce near-term warming

Global implementation of 17 well-proven measures could reduce global warming by up to 0.5 degrees in the coming decades.At the same time, these measures would avoid millions of premature deaths annually, and increase crop yields. These measures target emissions of black carbon and methane. More

Technologies are available to reduce non-CO2 emissions in the EU by up to 50% in 2050

Key findingsTechnologies are available to reduce non-CO2 emissions in the EU by up to 50% between 2005 and 2050.With current policies, non-CO2 GHG emissions of the EU-27 are likely to decline by between 26 and 44 percent between 2005 and 2050 depending on the future carbon price level.The additional potential for low cost mitigation of non-CO2 GHGs in the EU in 2050 comes primarily from reduction in N2O emissions from soils and control of HFC emissions from refrigeration in commercial and industry sectors. More

The GAINS model helps decision makers to understand the impacts of future action - or inaction - and to design strategies to achieve long-term environmental targets at least cost.

The GAINS integrated assessment model for air pollution control has been applied in European negotiations to identify the least-cost emission control measures that achieve air quality targets. Air quality will improve up to 2020, but threats to human health and environment will persist. Cost-effective measures are available to further protect living conditions and the environment. More


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Last edited: 07 April 2016

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