Ecosystems Services and Management

The Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM) Program aims to improve our understanding of ecosystems in today’s changing world—in particular, the current state of ecosystems, and their ecological thresholds and buffering capacities.

The strategic goal of ESM is supporting policy makers in developing rational, realistic and science-based regional, national and global strategies for the production of food, feed, fiber, and bio-energy that sustain ecosystem services and safeguard food security. 

By using advanced theories of applied systems analysis, new information technologies and integrated biophysical, social and economic modeling techniques; ESM is charting possible pathways to the future by linking ecosystems, society, policy, and governance.

ESM News

12 January 2018
Thinking outside the box on climate mitigation

A new article lays the groundwork for alternative climate mitigation scenarios that place less reliance on unproven negative emissions technologies in the future.  More

11 December 2017
Prototype land cover map of Africa: Great start but more accuracy needed

The latest land cover map of Africa has exceptionally high resolution, picking out features at just 20 m. However, its detail does not reflect its accuracy, which lies at 65%, IIASA researchers have discovered, not as high as many had hoped.  More

ESM Research Groups

Agro-Environmental Systems

Enviro. Resources & Develop.

Economic Decision Making

Earth Observation Systems

Forest Ecosystem Management

Policy and Science Interface

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Last edited: 13 June 2017


Michael Obersteiner

Program Director

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 460

Florian Kraxner

Deputy Program Director

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 233



Zhang J, Balkovic J, Azevedo L, Skalsky R, Bouwman AF, Xu G, Wang J, Xu M, et al. (2018). Analyzing and modelling the effect of long-term fertilizer management on crop yield and soil organic carbon in China. Science of the Total Environment 627: 361-372. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.090.

Golub A, Fuss S, Lubowski R, Hiller J, Khabarov N, Koch N, Krasovskii A, Kraxner F, et al. (2018). Escaping the climate policy uncertainty trap: options contracts for REDD+. Climate Policy: 1-8. DOI:10.1080/14693062.2017.1422478.

Wehkamp J, Pietsch S, Fuss S, Gusti M, Reuter W, Koch N, Kindermann G, & Kraxner F (2018). Accounting for institutional quality in global forest modeling. Environmental Modelling & Software 102: 250-259. DOI:10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.01.020.

ESM Publications

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313