Center for Landscape Resilience & Management (CLR)

Integrated biophysical modeling group assessing landscape ecosystems and their services with special emphasis on sustainability and resilience of  the global agriculture-, forest- and low carbon-energy sectors.

Biophysical modeling is the simulation of biological systems using mathematical formalizations of the physical properties of the systems. Such models are used to predict and project the influence of biological and physical factors on complex systems and form the basis for any detailed spatially explicit and integrated land use modeling at all scales. Forest and agricultural ecosystems represent a large majority of global land use and hence need particular attention by science which traditionally has been addressed by IIASA’s Ecosystem Services and Management Program (ESM). Over more than a decade, three back-bone models have been developed: a biophysical Global Forestry Model (G4M), a process-based global agricultural model (EPIC), and a techno-economic engineering model for the assessment of renewable energy systems (BeWhere) which is relying to a large extent on information provided by the other two models. ESM’s Center for Landscape Resilience & Management (CLR) is developing and applying this suit of models in a stand-alone or linked cluster to improve risk-resilient and sustainable management of land-based ecosystems by generating impact through policy-relevant research at multiple geographic scales. The center focuses on land-use by forestry, agriculture, the renewable energy sector and the management of other natural ecosystems at landscape level while expanding the



The Center for Landscape Resilience & Management (CLR) BeWhere group aims to strengthen various aspects of the role played by the ESM research program in the climate and land use change-relevant community. More

Forest Ecology and Management (FOR) Group

The FOR research group deals with comprehensive biophysical modeling of forest dynamics and forest ecosystem services in the changing world at different temporal and spatial scale.  More

Agro-Environmental Systems (AES) Group

The AES research group seeks to improve our bio-geophysical understanding of the functioning of Agri-Environmental Systems. More

CLR News

17 January 2019

Successful “IBFRA18 - Cool Forests at risk?” conference and appointment of Dr. Florian Kraxner as IBFRA president  More

01 November 2018
Reducing US coal emissions through biomass and carbon capture would boost employment

Employing bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), would not only retain 40,000 jobs currently held as part of the US coal industry but would create 22,000 new jobs in the forestry and transportation sectors by the middle of this century, according to new IIASA-led research.  More

24 July 2018
IIASA signs MOU with Indonesia’s Institute Teknologi Bandung (ITB)

Researchers, scientists and experts from both sides will participate in the joint research project. IIASA will contribute its expertise on modelling while ITB makes their research Indonesia-specific.  More

05 July 2018
Biorefineries will have only minimal effects on wood products and feedstocks markets

A new report from researchers from IIASA, Luleå University of Technology (LTU), and RISE Research Institutes of Sweden has shown that more biorefineries, which produce biobased fuels and chemicals, will have only a small effect on the availability and pricing of wood products and feedstocks.  More

CLR Events

20 May 2019 - 22 May 2019
FAO-UNECE Forest Communicator’s Network – Annual Meeting

Delegations from forty-two member States meet for the annual UNECE/FAO Forest Communicators' Network (FCN) More

29 Apr 2019 - 30 Apr 2019
2019 RESTORE+ Consortium Meeting - Progress and next steps

Two years after hosting the kick-off workshop of the RESTORE+ project in April 2017 at IIASA, the RESTORE+ consortium me... More

24 Apr 2019 - 26 Apr 2019
RESTORE+ at the 4th Open Science Meeting (GLP 4th OSM 2019)

Transforming Land Systems for People and Nature More

27 Mar 2019 - 29 Mar 2019
41st Session of the Joint ECE & FAO Working Party

Joint Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Working Par... More

08 Mar 2019
Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR)/NETs Modelling

2nd Joint Imperial College London (ICL) – International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Workshop on GGR... More

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Last edited: 16 May 2019


Florian Kraxner

CLR Center Head and Deputy Program Director

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 233

Juraj Balkovic

Research Scholar

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 385

Dmitry Shchepashchenko

Senior Research Scholar

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 453

Sylvain Leduc

Research Scholar

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 267

CLR at a glance


Xylia M, Leduc S, Laurent A-B, Patrizio P, van der Meer Y, Kraxner F, & Silveira S (2019). Impact of bus electrification on carbon emissions: the case of Stockholm. Journal of Cleaner Production 209: 74-87. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.085.

Folberth C ORCID:, Baklanov A ORCID:, Balkovic J ORCID:, Skalsky R ORCID:, Khabarov N ORCID:, & Obersteiner M ORCID: (2019). Spatio-temporal downscaling of gridded crop model yield estimates based on machine learning. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 264: 1-15. DOI:10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.09.021.

Patrizio P, Leduc S, Kraxner F, Fuß S, Kindermann G ORCID:, Mesfun S ORCID:, Spokas K, Mendoza Ponce A, et al. (2018). Reducing US coal emissions can boost employment. Joule 2 (12): 2633-2648. DOI:10.1016/j.joule.2018.10.004.

Mesfun S ORCID:, Leduc S, Patrizio P, Wetterlund E, Mendoza Ponce A, Lammens T, Staritsky I, Elbersen B, et al. (2018). Spatio-temporal assessment of integrating intermittent electricity in the EU and Western Balkans power sector under ambitious CO2 emission policies. Energy 164: 676-693. DOI:10.1016/

Mendoza Ponce A, Corona-Núñez RO, Galicia L, & Kraxner F (2018). Identifying hotspots of land use cover change under socioeconomic and climate change scenarios in Mexico. Ambio 48 (4): 336-349. DOI:10.1007/s13280-018-1085-0.

Bruckman V, Haruthaithanasan M, Miller R, Terada T, Brenner A-K, Kraxner F, & Flaspohler D (2018). Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Development Strategies in Indochina: Collaborative Effort to Establish Regional Policies. Forests 9 (4): e223. DOI:10.3390/f9040223.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313