09 April 2019 - 10 April 2019
ExpoForum Convention and Exhibition Centre, St. Petersburg, Russia
24 April 2019. PenzaNews. penzanews.ru
International Arctic Forum results confirm countries interest in joint projects for Arctic development.
The participants of the IAF, which ended in St. Petersburg on April 10, signed 45 agreements totalling 69.8 billion rubles.
AFI's Lassi Heininen was interviewed, read article here.
The Northern Forum is an international organization comprising fourteen sub-national or regional governments from five northern countries. The Northern Forum Governors' Meeting was held at the International Arctic Forum, 9-10 April.
The Northern Forum strategy discussed during the meeting identified the aim, objectives, key directions for the development of the Northern Forum until 2030, the main mechanisms for the implementation of priority tasks and key indicators for assessing the effectiveness of the organization’s activities towards renewal.
At the meeting, AFI’s Lassi Heininen spoke about the role of sub-national governments to the Board of Governors – the highest policy-making body of the Northern Forum, representatives of ministries and Indigenous peoples organizations Saami Council and RAIPON, as well as Association of Reindeer Herders. The title of Heininen's talk was “Role of sub-national governments of the global Arctic – an academic perspective”.
In particular, Heininen stated that the Arctic can be interpreted as a victim of change, or it can be a model, first for the resilience and second for capitalizing on the opportunities that change can bring. Simply saying, the Arctic can be/become a region characterized by innovation. Here regions, counties, provinces, as well as cities and towns, are nowadays able, and willing, to reconstruct their reality by taking a more active role, as well as acting on several circles of internationalization at the same time (e.g., first cities have decided to report on the environment and climate directly to the UN).
Even bigger need is that the Arctic is tightly integrated to the world with wicked problems – rapid climate change and pollution combined – and growing uncertainties. This is highlighted by the ‘Arctic Paradox’: global warming will open access to resources whose utilization will speed up the changes. This is considered to be the key question of the global climate ethics debate, as well as that of Arctic politics.
This requires new global governance, which connects global - local on regional level and promotes innovations for policy-shaping & making, and new education materials as services for local communities. The globalized Arctic with multidimensional changes is considered here as new kind platform and exceptional in the world politics of several uncertainties. This was manifested by the summit of the heads of states of the five Arctic states – three presidents and two prime ministers – at the Arctic Forum on 9 April. A change ‘from theory into action’, with better ‘ethical’ approaches and more strict environmental regulations, is possible by implementing political ability instead of ’political inability’ to adopt, which would mean increased societal security.
Among impact objectives what academia can have, in addition of support public policy-shaping & making, and capacity-building, is to cause a shift in mind-set for resilient common solutions and innovations on solving piece of the Arctic development puzzle, as well as for new (economic) opportunities. Here sub-national actors – cities, towns, villages and regions - have an important role actively changing their roles in policy-making and regional governance. They build horizontal, non-hierarchical ties with their foreign counterparts having the same legal and political status, and they have the legitimacy of people(s), the citizens.
Last edited: 29 April 2019
Emelyanova A & Rautio A (2019). A Century of Demographic Ageing in Arctic Canada (1950–2050). Journal of Population Ageing 12 (1): 25-50. DOI:10.1007/s12062-017-9211-5.
Heininen L (2018). Artic Geopolitics from Classical to Critical Approach-Importance of Immaterial Factors. Geography, Environment, Sustainability 11 (1): 171-186. DOI:10.24057/2071-9388-2018-11-1-171-186.
Landauer M & Juhola S (2018). Loss and Damage in the Rapidly Changing Arctic. In: Loss and Damage from Climate Change. Eds. Mechler, R., Bouwer, L., Schinko, T. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1156-7574, Surminski, S. & Linnerooth-Bayer, J., pp. 425-447 Cham, Switzerland: Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-72025-810.1007/978-3-319-72026-5_18.
Winiger P, Andersson A, Eckhardt S, Stohl A, Semiletov IP, Dudarev OV, Charkin A, Shakhova N, et al. (2017). Siberian Arctic black carbon sources constrained by model and observation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 (7): E1054-E1061. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1613401114.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313