AIR IIASA Reports

IIASA reports published by researchers in the Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases Program and its predecessors.

Höglund Isaksson L, Winiwarter W, Purohit P, & Gomez-Sanabria A (2016). Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions in the EU-28 from 2005 to 2050: GAINS model methodology. IIASA Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria

Klimont Z, Höglund-Isaksson L, Heyes C, Purohit P, Schöpp W, Rafaj P, Kiesewetter G, Borken J, et al. (2016). SLCP assessment for the Latin America and Caribbean. Final Report (Version 1.0). IIASA Report. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.

Winiwarter W & Mohankumar SEP (2015). Reducing nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture: review on options and costs. IIASA Report. Laxenburg

Chaturvedi V, Sharma M, Chattopadhyay S, & Purohit P (2015). India's long term hydrofluorocarbon emissions. [[CEEW-IIASA Report]], New Deldhi, India (May 2015)

Höglund Isaksson L, Winiwarter W, & Purohit P (2013). Non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions, mitigation potentials and costs in the EU-28 from 2005 to 2050. IIASA Research Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: GAINS Model Methodology

Paasonen P, Visshedjik A, Kupiainen K, Klimont Z, Denier van der Gon H, & Kulmala M (2013). Aerosol Particle Number Emissions and Size Distributions: Implementation in the GAINS Model and Initial Results. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-13-020

Ermolieva T, Ermoliev Y, Jonas M, Obersteiner M, Wagner F, & Winiwarter W (2013). Uncertainty, Cost-effectiveness and Environmental Safety of Robust Carbon Trading: Integrated Approach. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-13-003

Wagner F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, & Schoepp W (2013). The GAINS Optimization Module: Identifying Cost-effective Measures for Improving Air Quality and Short-term Climate Forcing. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-13-001

Rao S, Chirkov V, Dentener F, van Dingenen R, Pachauri S, Purohit P, Amann M, Heyes C, et al. (2011). Estimation of the Global Health Impacts of Air Pollution. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-11-035

Asman WAH, Klimont Z, & Winiwarter W (2011). A Simplified Model of Nitrogen Flows from Manure Management. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-11-030

Klimont Z & Winiwarter W (2011). Integrated Ammonia Abatement - Modelling of Emission Control Potentials and Costs in GAINS. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-11-027

Kiesewetter G (2011). Assessing Transport of PM Pollution from Europe to the Arctic. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-11-007

Shvidenko A, Klimont Z, Kupiainen K, Rao S, & Schepaschenko D (2011). The effects of climate change and abatement policies on the value of natural resources in Northern Europe and in the Arctic Sea area. Prime MInister's Office

Rafaj P, Rao S, Klimont Z, Kolp P, & Schoepp W (2010). Emissions of air pollutants implied by global long-term energy scenarios. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-10-019

Amann M, Bertok I, Borken-Kleefeld J, Cofala J, Heyes C, Hoeglund-Isaksson L, Klimont Z, Purohit P, et al. (2009). Potentials and Costs for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Annex I Countries: Methodology. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-043

Borken-Kleefeld J, Cofala J, & Rafaj P (2009). GHG Mitigation Potentials and Costs in the Transport Sector of Annex I Countries: Methodology, Version 2. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-039

Cofala J, Purohit P, Rafaj P, & Klimont Z (2009). GHG Mitigation Potentials from Energy Use and Industrial Sources in Annex I Countries: Methodology. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-040

Hoeglund-Isaksson L, Winiwarter W, & Tohka A (2009). Potentials and Costs for Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases in Annex 1 Countries: Version 2.0. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-044

Bickford E (2009). GHG Mitigation Potential in U.S. Transportation. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-045

Amann M, Rafaj P, & Hoehne N (2009). GHG Mitigation Potentials in Annex I Countries. Comparison of Model Estimates for 2020. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-034

Ermolieva T, Winiwarter W, Fischer G, Cao G-Y, Klimont Z, Schoepp W, Li Y, & Asman WAH (2009). Integrated Nitrogen Management in China. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-005

Munir T (2009). Assessment of Air Pollution and GHG Mitigation Strategies in Pakistan Using the GAINS Model. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-027

Wagner S & Klimont Z (2009). Exploring Implications of New EU Legislation for Animal Welfare and of Trends in Organic Farming on Ammonia Emissions. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-004

Sanderson WC & Striessnig E (2009). Demography, Education, and the Future of Total Factor Productivity Growth. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-09-002

Pivovarchuk D (2008). Consistency between Long-term Climate Target and Short-term Abatement Policy. Attainability Analysis Technique. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-08-017

Wagner F, Amann M, & Schoepp W (2007). The GAINS Optimization Module as of 1 February 2007. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-07-004

Wagner F & Schoepp W (2007). Comparison of the RAINS Emission Control Cost Curves for Air Pollutants with Emission Control Costs Computed by the GAINS Model. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-07-008

Amann M, Cofala J, Gzella A, Heyes C, Klimont Z, & Schoepp W (2007). Estimating Concentrations of Fine Particulate Matter in Urban Background Air of European Cities. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-07-001

Wagner F, Schoepp W, & Heyes C (2006). The RAINS Optimization Module for the Clean Air For Europe (CAFE) Programme. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-029

Cofala J, Klimont Z, & Amann M (2006). The Potential for further Control of Emissions of Fine Particulate Matter in Europe. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-011

Hoeglund-Isaksson L, Winiwarter W, Klimont Z, & Bertok I (2006). Emission Scenarios for Methane and Nitrous Oxides from the Agricultural Sector in the EU-25. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-019

Pingoud K & Wagner F (2006). Methane Emissions from Landfills and Carbon Dynamics of Harvested Wood Products: The First-Order Decay Revisited. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-06-004

Hoeglund-Isaksson L & Mechler R (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases - Version 1.0: Methane (CH4). IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-05-054

Klaassen G, Berglund C, & Wagner F (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases - Version 1.0: Carbon Dioxide (CO2). IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-05-053

Tohka A (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases - Version 1.0: HFC, PFC AND SF6. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-05-056

Winiwarter W (2005). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases - Version 1.0: Nitrous Oxide (N2O). IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-05-055

Hoeglund-Isaksson L & Mechler R (2004). The GAINS Model for Greenhouse Gases: Emissions, Control Potentials and Control Costs for Methane. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-078

Kupiainen K & Klimont Z (2004). Primary Emissions of Submicron and Carbonaceous Particles in Europe and the Potential for their Control. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-079

Klimont Z & Brink C (2004). Modeling of Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases from Agricultural Sources in Europe. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-048

Klaassen G, Amann M, Berglund C, Cofala J, Hoeglund-Isaksson L, Heyes C, Mechler R, Tohka A, et al. (2004). The Extension of the RAINS Model to Greenhouse Gases. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-04-015

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Schoepp W, & Winiwarter W (2004). Baseline Scenarios for the Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) Programme. IIASA Policy Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: XQ-04-825

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Schoepp W, & Winiwarter W (2004). Baseline Scenarios for the Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) Programme. IIASA Policy Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: XQ-04-807

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Schoepp W, & Winiwarter W (2004). The RAINS Integrated Assessment Model for Fine Particles. Final Report submitted to the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM), The Hague, Netherlands [2004]

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Mechler R, Schoepp W, & Leonor Tarrason L (2004). An Integrated Assessment Framework for Particulate Matter in Europe. Final Report submitted to the European Commission, DG Environment, Brussels, Belgium for a research study on "Preparatory Actions in the Public Health and Environmental Policy Sectory - Lot 10 Air Pollution" [2004]

Amann M, Cofala J, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Mechler R, Posch M, & Schoepp W (2004). The RAINS Model. Documentation of the model approach prepared for the RAINS review, 150 pp. [2004]

Amann M, Cofala J, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Schoepp W, Jonson JE, Simpson D, & Tarrason L (2004). An initial outlook into the future development of fine particulate matter in Europe. In: Torseth K (ed.); Transboundary Particulate Matter in Europe; EMEP Status Report 4/2004:93-125. EMEP Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe [2004]

Amann M, Cofala J, & Klimont Z (2004). Linkages in emissions and control options between air pollution and greenhouse gases. In: W. Tuinstra (ed.); Air pollution and climate change policies in Europe: Exploring linkages and the added value of an integrated Approach; EEA Technical report No. 5/2004. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark [2004]

Amann M, Heyes C, Schoepp W, Cuvelier C, Thunis P, Stern R, Moussiopoulos N, Builtjes P, et al. (2004). Annual Progress Report for the study on "Further Development of European Scale Integrated Assessment Modelling". Submitted to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), London, UK [2004]

Klaassen G, Kryazhimskiy AV, & Tarasyev AM (2004). Multiequilibrium Game of Timing and Competition of Gas Pipeline Projects. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RP-04-002. Reprinted from Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, 120(1):147-179 (January 2004).

Klimont Z & Brink C (2004). Modelling of Emissions of Air Pollutants and Greenhouse Gases from Agricultural Sources in Europe. Final Report submitted to The Royal Ministry of Environment, Oslo, Norway [2004]

Hassanien MA (2003). An Initial Implementation of the RAINS Model to Assess Emission of Air Pollutants in Egypt. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-03-045

Kajino M (2003). Modeling Liquid Water Content of Atmospheric Aerosols. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-03-046

Klimont Z, Cofala J, Bertok I, Amann M, Heyes C, & Gyarfas F (2002). Modeling Particulate Emissions in Europe. A Framework to Estimate Reduction Potential and Control Costs. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-02-076

Mechler R, Amann M, & Schoepp W (2002). A Methodology to Estimate Changes in Statistical Life Expectancy Due to the Control of Particulate Matter in Air Pollution. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-02-035

Luekewille A, Bertok I, Amann M, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Karvosenoja N, Klimont Z, et al. (2001). A Framework to Estimate the Potential and Costs for the Control of Fine Particulate Emissions in Europe. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-01-023

Suutari R, Amann M, Cofala J, Klimont Z, & Schoepp W (2001). From Economic Activities to Critical Load Exceedances in Europe - An Uncertainty Analysis of Two Scenarios of the RAINS Integrated Assessment Model. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-01-020

Hettelingh J-P, Pearce D, Kapros P, Cofala J, & Amann M (2001). European Environmental Priorities: An Integrated Economic and Environmental Assessment. RIVM Main Report 481505010, prepared by RIVM, EFTEC, NTUA, and IIASA in association with TME and TNO, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands (March 2001)

Dusek U (2000). Secondary Organic Aerosol - Formation Mechanisms and Source Contributions in Europe. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-00-066

Klimont Z, Amann M, & Cofala J (2000). Estimating Costs for Controlling Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) from Stationary Sources in Europe. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-00-051

Forsund FR (2000). An Economic Interpretation of the Compensation Mechanism in the RAINS Model. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-00-036

Panyacosit L (2000). A Review of Particulate Matter and Health: Focus on Developing Countries. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-00-005

Koch M (2000). Airborne Fine Particulates in the Environment: A Review of Health Effect Studies, Monitoring Data and Emission Inventories. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-00-004

Cofala J & Syri S (1998). Nitrogen Oxides Emissions, Abatement Technologies and Related Costs for Europe in the RAINS Model Database. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-98-088

Cofala J & Syri S (1998). Sulfur Emissions, Abatement Technologies and Related Costs for Europe in the RAINS Model Database. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-98-035

Amann M (1998). Economic Evaluation of Air Quality Targets for Tropospheric Ozone. Final Report to the European Commission, DGXI, November 1998 [1998]

Amann M (1998). Impacts of Revised Emission Limit Values for Large Combustion Plants on EU15 Countries' Emissions in the Year 2010. IIASA Policy Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: XQ-98-808

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Makowski M, Schoepp W, et al. (1998). Economic Evaluation of a Directive on National Emission Ceilings for Certain Atmospheric Pollutants. IIASA Policy Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: XQ-98-806

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Makowski M, Schoepp W, et al. (1998). Emission Reduction Scenarios to Control Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-Level Ozone in Europe. In: UNSPECIFIED .

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Makowski M, Syri S, et al. (1998). Cost-Effective Control of Acidification and Ground-Level Ozone. Fourth Interim Report to the European Commission, DG XI, February [1998]

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Makowski M, Syri S, et al. (1998). Cost-Effective Control of Acidification and Ground-Level Ozone. Fifth Interim Report to the European Commission, DG XI, May [1998]

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Makowski M, Syri S, et al. (1998). Cost-Effective Control of Acidification and Ground-Level Ozone. Sixth Interim Report to the European Commission, DG XI, October [1998]

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, & Schoepp W (1998). Integrated Assessment Modelling for the Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone in Europe. Publications series Air and Energy no. 132, Netherlands Ministry for Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Hague, Netherlands [1998]

Amann M, Cofala J, Bertok I, Klimont Z, & Schöpp W (1998). A Comprehensive Assessment of Large-Scale Environmental Problems in East Asia. Progress Report to the Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), Japan, March 1998 [1998]

Cofala J, Kurz R, & Amann M (1998). Prospects and Scenarios No. 1. Environment and European Enlargement: Air Emissions. Environmental Issues Series No. 8, March, European Environment Agency [1998]

Schoepp W, Amann M, Cofala J, Heyes C, & Klimont Z (1998). Integrated Assessment of European Air Pollution Emission Control Strategies. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-99-002. Reprinted from Environmental Modelling and Software, 14(1):1-9 [1999] [1998].

Heyes C, Schoepp W, Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Klimont Z, Makowski M, et al. (1997). Simultaneous Optimization of Abatement Strategies for Ground-Level Ozone and Acidification. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-97-090

Heyes C, Schoepp W, Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Klimont Z, Makowski M, et al. (1997). A Model for Optimizing Strategies for Controlling Ground-Level Ozone in Europe. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-97-002

Amann M (1997). Integrated Assessment: Ein Hilfsmittel bei der Erarbeitung von Strategien zur Immissionsminderung - "Das RAINS-Modell". ni Press Nr. 94

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, Makowski M, Schoepp W, et al. (1997). Cost-Effective Control of Acidification and Ground-Level Ozone. Final Report. European Commission

Olsthoorn X, Dorland K, Jansen H, Drunen M v, Bartonova A, Clench-Aas J, Guerreiro C, Hendriksen JF, et al. (1997). Economic Evaluation of Air Quality Targets for Sulfur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxide, Fine and Suspended Particulate Matter and Lead. Final Report. European Commission DG XI

Heyes C, Schoepp W, Amann M, & Unger S (1996). A Simplified Model to Predict Long-Term Ozone Concentrations in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-96-012

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, & Schoepp W (1996). Cost-effective Control of Acidification and Ground-Level Ozone. Second Interim Report to the European Commission, DG XI

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Heyes C, Klimont Z, & Schoepp W (1996). Cost-effective Control of Acidification and Ground-Level Ozone. First Interim Report to the European Commission, DG XI

Wojcik G (1995). The Influence of the Free Troposphere on Boundary Layer Ozone Mixing Ratios over Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-95-100

Cofala J & Doerfner P (1995). Constructing Regional Energy Scenarios from Global Energy Models. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-95-112

Heyes C & Schoepp W (1995). Towards a Simplified Model to Describe Ozone Formation in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-95-034

Klaassen G & Nentjes A (1995). Emission Trading for Air Pollution Control in Practice. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-95-021

Amann M, Cofala J, Doerfner P, Gyarfas F, & Schoepp W (1995). Impacts of Energy Scenarios on Regional Acidification. XQ-95-806

Caliandro B (1994). Control Technology Options and Costs for Reducing Volatile Organic Compounds. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-94-080

Kettunen A, Schoepp W, & Klimont Z (1994). Statistical Analysis of Tropospheric Ozone Concentration. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-94-088

Nentjes A (1994). Financial Instruments for the Control of Transboundary Pollution. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-94-024

Olsthoorn X (1994). Towards an Integrated Assessment Model for Tropospheric Ozone-Emission Inventories, Scenarios and Emission-control Options. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-94-027

Amann M (1994). Die Anwendung des RAINS Modells fuer das neue Schwefelprotokoll. XQ-94-828

Bates R, Cofala J, & Toman M (1994). Alternative Policies for the Control of Air Pollution in Poland. Washington DC: The World Bank. ISBN 0-8213-2753-4

Jankowski B, Senczek S, Klimont Z, & Chyrczakowski S (1994). Environmental Protection in the National Energy Policy. XQ-94-829

Joensson C (1994). Modelling Acidification and Nutrient Supply in Forest Soil. XQ-94-818

Joensson C, Schoepp W, Warfvinge P, & Sverdrup H (1994). Modelling of Long-term Impact on Soil Acidification for Three Sites in Europe. XQ-94-819

Klaassen G (1994). Options and Costs of Controlling Ammonia Emissions in Europe. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-95-001. Reprinted from European Review of Agricultural Economics, 21:219-240 [1994].

Klaassen G, Forsund FR, & Amann M (1994). Emission Trading in Europe with an Exchange Rate. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-95-002. Reprinted from Environmental and Resource Economics, 4:305-330 [1994].

Klimont Z, Amann M, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Klaassen G, & Schoepp W (1994). An Emission Inventory for the Central European Initiative 1988. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-94-010. Reprinted from Atmospheric Environment, 28(2):235-246 [1994].

Ermoliev YM, Klaassen G, & Nentjes A (1993). Incomplete Information and the Cost-Efficiency of Ambient Charges. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-93-072

Klaassen G (1993). Sulfur Emission Trading and Regulation in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-93-069

Bertok I, Cofala J, Klimont Z, Schoepp W, & Amann M (1993). Structure of the RAINS 7.0 Energy and Emissions Database. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-93-067

Klimont Z, Amann M, Cofala J, Gyarfas F, Klaassen G, & Schoepp W (1993). Emission of Air Pollutants in the Region of the Central European Initiative - 1988. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-93-003

Amann M & Klaassen G (1993). Cost-Effective Strategies for Reducing Nitrogen Deposition in Europe. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-93-002

Klaassen G (1992). Ammonia Emissions in Europe: Emission Coefficient and Abatement Costs. IIASA Collaborative Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: CP-92-004

Amann M (1992). The Feasibility of Emission Inventory Tools for Urban Areas in Less Developed Countries. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-92-002

Amann M, Bertok I, Cofala J, Klaassen G, & Schoepp W (1992). Strategies for Reducing Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in Europe. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-92-008

Klaassen G (1992). Marginal and Average Costs of Reducing Nitrogen Oxides and Sulfur Oxide Emissions in Europe. A Contribution to Internalizing the Social Costs of Transport. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-92-050

Klaassen G & Amann M (1992). Trading of Emission Reduction Commitments for Sulfur Dioxide in Europe. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-92-003

Amann M, Haasis H-D, Plinke E, Rentz O, & Wietschel M (1992). Estimating Emission Control Costs: A Comparison of the Approaches Implemented in the EC-EFOM-ENV and the IIASA-RAINS Models. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-92-001

Amann M, Hordijk L, Klaassen G, Schoepp W, & Sorensen L (1992). Economic Restructuring in Eastern Europe and Acid Rain Abatement Strategies. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RP-93-007. Reprinted from Energy Policy, pp. 1186-1197 [December 1992]

Bozo L, Alcamo J, Bartnicki J, & Olendrzynski K (1991). Heavy Metals Contamination in Eastern Europe: Background Load from the Atmosphere. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-91-046

Alcamo J, Shaw RW, & Hordijk L (1991). The RAINS Model of Acidification: Science and Strategies in Europe. IIASA Executive Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: ER-91-018

Alcamo J & Vries B de (1990). Low Energy, Low Emissions: SO2, NOx and CO2 in Western Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-073

Roenko N (1990). Multi-Attribute Analysis of the Most Appropriate Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) Technologies. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-072

Batterman S (1990). Optimized Abatement Strategies Using Critical Loads: Suggested Deposition Criteria and Results. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-067

Klaassen G (1990). Cost Functions for Controlling Ammonia Emissions in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-071

Klaassen G (1990). Emissions of Ammonia in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-068

Lehmann R (1990). On the Effect of Applying Mean Input Data in Long-Term Air Pollution Transport Models. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-026

Hettelingh J-P (1990). Uncertainty in Modeling Regional Environmental Systems: The Generalization of a Watershed Acidification Model for Predicting Broad Scale Effects. IIASA Research Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-90-003

Sprinz D (1990). Environmental Concern and Environmental Action in Western Europe: Concepts, Measurements, and Implications. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-014

Sprinz D (1990). International Environment Threats through Transboundary Acidification: Nation-Level Positions within the International Environmental Structure. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-013

Bartnicki J, Olendrzynski K, Abert K, Seibert P, & Morariu B (1990). Numerical Approximation of the Transport Equation: Comparison of Five Positive Definite Algorithms. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-010

Bergman L, Cesar H, & Klaassen G (1990). A Scheme for Sharing the Costs of Reducing Sulfur Emissions in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-005

Cesar H & Klaassen G (1990). Costs, Sulfur Emissions and Deposition of the EC Directive on Large Combustion Plants. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-90-006

Alcamo J & Bartnicki J (1990). The Uncertainty of Atmospheric Source-Receptor Relationships in Europe. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-91-002. Reprinted from Atmospheric Environment, 24A(8) [1990]

Boden H (1989). Approaches in Modeling the Impact of Air Pollution-Induced Material Degradation. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-89-104

Brus M (1989). Systems Analysis of International Law: An Inquiry into its Application. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-89-105

Luebkert B & Schoepp W (1989). A Model to Calculate Natural VOC Emissions from Forests in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-89-082

Falkenmark M (1989). Global-Change-Induced Disturbances of Water-Related Phenomena - The European Perspective. IIASA Collaborative Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: CP-89-001

Ojansuu R (1989). A Regional Model for General Stress Resistance of Norway Spruce Stands. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-89-022

Forsius M (1989). Comparison of RAINS Lake Module with MAGIC-Model Simulations and Paleolimnological Records. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-89-012

Bartnicki J (1989). A Simple Filtering Procedure for Removing Negative Values from Numerical Solutions of the Advection Equation. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-90-004. Reprinted from Environmental Software, 4(4):187-201 [1989]

Alcamo J & Bartnicki J (1988). Atmospheric Models and Acidification. IIASA Research Report (Reprint). IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-89-003. Reprinted from Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 40(1/2) [July 1988]




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Last edited: 07 June 2016

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