The forest ecosystem management group focuses on the multiple uses and benefits of forest ecosystems, as well as the interrelationships between the forest, agricultural, and energy sectors. Forests are a precious natural resource that can be managed to provide a range of ecosystem services and products. However, in today’s changing world, the pressure on forest ecosystems to provide social, biodiversity, carbon, renewable, and economical services and goods is rapidly increasing. As such, the aim of the forest ecosystem management group is to improve our understanding of the forest ecosystems and device sustainable management strategies that provides society with a multitude of services and goods. For this end, the group studies aspects such as: biomass availability, biofuel production, greenhouse gas emissions, land use change, REDD, and deforestation.
The major tools of the group are the G4M and BeWhere models. These tools focus on the terrestrial ecosystems and their interaction with the anthmosphere, as well as the interrelationships between the forest ecosystem and the use of bioenergy sector. Focal points include greenhouse gas emission, sustainable management of the ecosystems, carbon and nitrogen cycles, inherent uncertainties, and cost-optimal scaling and siting of renewable energy systems. While the G4M and BeWhere models have full “stand-alone” capabilities, G4M is fully linked with BeWhere to provide high resolution spatial explicit information concerning the forest ecosystems for assessments of bioenergy production potentials. Additionally, the two tools can also be linked to other tools within the ESM’s Integrated Modeling Cluster to provide them with integrated biophysical and engineering information, allowing for policy relevant questions to be addressed in a complete integrated manner.
The members of the group have over the years been involved in a number of projects that have had significant practical and policy relevant impact. The group has been heavily involved in the LULUCF discussion, starting from estimating global cost estimates for reducing carbon emissions through avoided deforestation, to creation of the European Forest Management Reference Level, and to providing indexed based LULUCF projections for all Annex1 and non-Annex 1 countries. This has also been combined with technology based local and national estimates of bioenergy production potentials and optimally location based upgrading of conversion technologies for reaching renewable energy targets.
Last edited: 25 August 2015
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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