31 October 2017

Alexei Gaivoronski visited ASA, IIASA

Alexei Gaivoronski from Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway visited the Advanced Systems Analysis program and gave a talk on "Stochastic optimization of simulation models: management of water resources under uncertainty" on 31 October, 2017.

Stochastic optimization of simulation models: management of water resources under uncertainty

This lecture has two components: methodological and applied. On the methodological side, we consider a complex dynamical system, which depends on decision variables and random parameters. The state of this system evolves according to a set of complex rules, which may involve the solution of optimization or game theoretical problems. The evolution of the system over some time horizon is described by a simulation model implementing these rules. Some performance criterion is defined on the sample paths of this simulation model and we are interested in finding such values of decision variables, which yield the optimal expected value of this criterion, possibly under some risk constraints. We show how stochastic gradient methods can be employed in order to achieve this aim.

We apply this methodology to the optimal management of water resources network in Southern Sardinia. This network consists of several interconnected reservoirs and operates under substantial uncertainty about water inflows and general scarcity of water resources. The purpose of this network is to satisfy several different types of demand: agricultural, industrial, public, observing at the same time certain environmental constraints. In order to satisfy this demand the water should be transported upstream under certain circumstances, which generates substantial pumping costs. We simulate the operation of this system and apply stochastic gradient methods in order to find the optimal rules, which trigger the water transfer.

Alexei A. Gaivoronski is Professor of Industrial Economics and Operations Research at the Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management of Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). He got his PhD from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russia). Besides NTNU, he was affiliated several years with IIASA and pursued research and teaching career holding permanent and visiting positions in academia and industrial research centers in Ukraine, Italy and France. His scientific interests include optimization, modeling and risk management of stochastic systems, developing the relevant methodology and applications to water resources, telecommunication networks, energy systems, finance.

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Last edited: 02 November 2017


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