This project develops a body of knowledge and model framework to quantify the energy needs and related climate change impacts of eradicating poverty and providing decent living standards to all in major emerging economies, such as India, Brazil, South Africa and others. The research will address three questions. Which goods and services, and with what characteristics, constitute ‘decent living standards’? What energy resources are required to provide these goods and services in different countries, and what impact will this energy use have on climate change? How do the constituents of decent living and their energy needs evolve as countries develop? This research will identify opportunities to shift developing societies towards low-carbon pathways, and substantiate countries’ claims for ‘carbon space’ for development.
The overarching analytical framework can be seen in the figure below:
Figure 1. State of the art (green) and the ‘Decent Living Energy’ (blue) approach to assessing the greenhouse gas impacts of poverty eradication.
The project is highly interdisciplinary, with different work streams employing different methods. The project includes household energy and carbon footprinting using lifecycle and input-output analysis; normative analysis of the constituents of decent living using expert elicitation, empirical analysis of historical consumption patterns; econometric and statistics analysis of household consumption drivers; integrated assessment modeling to develop emissions pathways related to ‘decent living’.
IIASA team: Narasimha Rao (Principal Investigator), Shonali Pachauri, Alessio Mastrucci, Jihoon Min, Simon Parkinson, Edward Byers, Miguel Poblete Cazenave, Keywan Riahi
This project is supported by European Research Council Starting Grant 2014 (ERC-2014-STG).
Last edited: 18 June 2019
June 2015 - June 2018
Min J & Rao N (2018). Estimating Uncertainty in Household Energy Footprints. Journal of Industrial Ecology 22 (6): 1307-1317. DOI:10.1111/jiec.12670.
Rao N , Min J, DeFries R, Ghosh-Jerath S, Valin H , & Fanzo J (2018). Healthy, affordable and climate-friendly diets in India. Global Environmental Change 49: 154-165. DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.02.013.
Rao N , Mastrucci A , & Min J (2018). Applying LCA to Estimate Development Energy Needs: The Cases of India and Brazil. In: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies. Eds. Benetto, E., Gericke, K. & Guiton, M., pp. 397-406 Cham, Switzerland: Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-66981-610.1007/978-3-319-66981-6_44.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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