Integrating physical and socio-economic modeling

In collaboration with IIASA’s Population Program, the Mitigation of Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases (MAG) Program produced an innovative model of the interactions between population dynamics, economic growth and investments into environmental protection and the consequences on human well-being.

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By linking MAG’s GAINS with POP’s SEDIM model, the study quantifies the impacts of non-productive investments in air pollution control on economic growth, while considering the benefits of an enlarged labor force from reduced morbidity.

For the case of India, it was found that additional investments in end-of-pipe emission control measures would lead to a slightly lower growth of per capita GDP; however, if measured by the Human Development Index, these disadvantages are more than compensated for by lower mortality from less particle pollution [1].


[1] Sanderson W, Striessnig E, Schoepp W, Amann M (2013). Effects on well-being of investing in cleaner air in India. Environmental Science & Technology, 47(23):13222-13229 (3 December 2013).

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Last edited: 30 June 2015


Markus Amann

Program Director

Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases

T +43(0) 2236 807 432

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International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313