One way of informing and helping to create sustainable development policies is by understanding the many complex interactions that take place between the natural environment and human activities, for example, agricultural food production.
Producing more to feed a growing population without increasing the contribution of agriculture and land use change to greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) is a significant challenge. This challenge has increased with growing prosperity in developing countries, as dietary habits around the world shift toward greater consumption of animal-based protein.
In 2013 ERD research looked at livestock production systems and the adaptation responses of agriculture to climate change. European climate and energy targets for 2030 came under review. Work on REDD+ continued, and the group looked in depth at food security and deforestation trends in two geographical areas: Eastern Asia and the Congo Basin, respectively.
Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM) researchers collaborated with partners to construct a global dataset describing all livestock production systems in terms of feed requirements, milk and meat productivity, and GHG emissions intensity. More
The Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM) Program actively participated in two comparison exercises with the GLOBIOM model, looking at how the model reacts to different scenarios of climate change. More
Results from IIASA's global land use model GLOBIOM model, adapted to the Congo Basin region - the CongoBIOM model - were used to inform a World Bank study on future deforestation trends in the Congo Basin published in 2013. More
Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM) researchers studied climate change impacts on food security in four East Asian countries - China, Japan, South Korea, and Mongolia. More
Last edited: 22 May 2014
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313