The Arctic Council

The Arctic has been warming at an alarming pace, double the global warming. Since 2008 AIR scientists have been involved in a number of activities associated with the Arctic, including contribution to the work of the Arctic Council Task Force on Short-Lived Climate Forcers, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), The International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI).

AIR scientists participate regularly in expert groups of the Arctic Council, including the Task Force and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), and contribute to the policy reports of these groups. In particular, IIASA produced a series of emission and policy scenarios for Short-lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) that have been used in atmospheric transport and climate models to explore the potential benefits of emission controls. Based on this background information, the Arctic Council adopted at the Tenth Ministerial Meeting of the Arctic Council in Fairbanks (11 May 2017) a collective BC reduction goal 25-33% by 2025 compared to 2013.

IIASA contributions


AIR scientists pointed out the potential role of emissions from flaring in the oil and gas industry. The early AIR estimates developed for the Arctic Council and UNEP (published later in Klimont et al (2017)) initiated a series of projects addressing the issue of measuring and estimating these emissions (Johnson eta al…., Weyant, …..Huang et al..), modelling their contribution (Stohl et al (2013) Winiger et al....) and linked them to the discussion of the methane emissions from oil and gas industry (Hoglund, et al, 2017; Dalorsen et al 2018).. 

AIR has contributed to the joint report of the World Bank and ICCI: On Thin Ice - How Cutting Pollution Can Slow Warming and Save Lives (2013) presented at the COP19 in Warsaw.

In 2011, AIR scientists jointly with the Forestry project at IIASA produced a report for the Finish Prime Minister’s Office (The effects of climate change and abatement policies on the value of natural resources in Northern Europe and the Arctic Sea area, 2011. Prime Minister’s Office Reports 1/2011).

In 2018, the European Commission funded the so called EU Action on Black Carbon, an activity addressing key knowledge gaps with respect to black carbon in the Arctic. Topics include emissions, concentrations, mitigation opportunities, and scope for reporting. The action is coordinated by AMAP; AIR leads  the development of new emission and policy scenarios as input for subsequent model analyses under AMAP. Results will be presented to the Arctic Council Expert Group on Black Carbon and Methane. 

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Last edited: 20 June 2018


Zbigniew Klimont

Research Scholar

Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases

T +43(0) 2236 807 547

Lena Höglund Isaksson

Senior Research Scholar

Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases

T +43(0) 2236 807 368


Baumgardner D, de Fatima Andrade M, Klimont Z, Kuylenstierna J, Carvalho SM, Borgford-Parnell N, Mayol-Bracero OL, Melamed M, et al. (2018). Short-lived climate pollutants: Drivers, regional emissions and measurements. In: Integrated Assessment of Short-lived Climate Pollutants in Latin America and the Caribbean: Improving air quality while contributing to climate change mitigation. pp. 18-53 Paris: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC). ISBN 978-92-807-3549-9

Klimont Z, Kupiainen K, Heyes C, Purohit P, Cofala J, Rafaj P, Borken-Kleefeld J, & Schöpp W (2017). Global anthropogenic emissions of particulate matter including black carbon. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (14): 8681-8723. DOI:10.5194/acp-17-8681-2017.

Winiger P, Andersson A, Eckhardt S, Stohl A, Semiletov IP, Dudarev OV, Charkin A, Shakhova N, et al. (2017). Siberian Arctic black carbon sources constrained by model and observation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 (7): E1054-E1061. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1613401114.

Stohl A, Aamaas B, Amann M, Baker LH, Klimont Z, Kupiainen K, & Heyes C (2015). Evaluating the climate and air quality impacts of short-lived pollutants. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15 (18): 10529-10566. DOI:10.5194/acp-15-10529-2015.

Eckhardt S, Quennehen B, Olivie DJL, Bernsten TK, Heyes C, & Klimont Z (2015). Current model capabilities for simulating black carbon and sulfate concentrations in the Arctic atmosphere: a multi-model evaluation using a comprehensive measurement data set. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15 (16): 9413-9433. DOI:10.5194/acp-15-9413-2015.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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