The 2005 Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (TSAP) and the Clean Air For Europe (CAFE) program of the European Union 

Based on its Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) programme, the European Commission has developed its Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution, a long-term, strategic and integrated policy to protect against the effects of air pollution on human health and the environment. IIASA's GAINS model was the main tool to explore the cost-effectiveness of further measures to achieve environmental interim objectives by 2020.

The Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution

The first integrated clean air strategy was adopted by the European Commission in September 2005:


The Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) program

As a new element of European air quality policy, IIASA developed an approach to analyze cost-effective strategies to reduce health impacts from fine particulate matter (PM2.5) while maximizing co-benefits on other air quality effects, such as acidification, eutrophication and ground-level ozone.

Link to the CAFE homepage of the European Commission.

IIASA policy reports and stakeholder consultations:

  • May 5, 2006: CAFE Report #8: The potential for further control of emissions of fine particulate matter in Europe. Download report
  • October 2, 2005: CAFE Report #7: A further emission control scenario for the Clean Air For Europe (CAFE) programme presenting the detailed results of the scenario adopted by the European Commission. Download report
  • April 15, 2005: CAFE Report #6: Analysis for the final CAFE scenario. Download report
  • March 17, 2005: CAFE Report #5:Exploratory CAFE scenarios for further improvements of European air qualityDownload report
  • February 3, 2005: CAFE Report #4: Target Setting Approaches for Cost-effective Reductions of Population Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter in EuropeDownload report
  • January 12, 2005: CAFE Report #3: First Results from the RAINS Multi-Pollutant/Multi-Effect Optimization including Fine Particulate MatterDownload report
  • November 17, 2004:CAFE Report #2: The "Current Legislation" and the "Maximum Technically Feasible Reduction" cases for the CAFE baseline emission projections. Download report
  • September 27, 2004: CAFE Report #1Baseline Scenarios for the Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) ProgrammeDownload report
  • April 30, 2004: 3rd CAFE Stakeholder Consultation on the draft baseline scenarios:
  • October 2003 to March 2004: 2nd Stakeholder Consultation: IIASA hosted a series of bilateral consultations with national experts and industrial stakeholders to review the RAINS databases that will be used for the development of the CAFE baseline scenario.
  • May 27-28, 2003: 1st CAFE Stakeholder Consultation on the development of the CAFE baseline. Download material including the final version of the minutes from the meeting


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Last edited: 17 December 2014

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Markus Amann

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Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases

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