Research Plan - Mitigation of Air pollution and Greenhouse gases (MAG)

Research focuses on emission reduction measures that yield local and near-term benefits while contributing to global long-term climate change

Objective

To develop and apply systems analytical tools to inform national and international policy decisions on cost-effective emission reductions to protect human health, the local and regional environment and global climate. In addition, by addressing the nitrogen cycle and the health impacts of indoor air pollution, it links closely with the Food and Water and Poverty and Equity areas.

Rationale

Given the need for a fundamental restructuring of long-lived infrastructure, transition strategies that achieve deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions by midcentury must be initiated in the near term at the national and local scales. Yet, there is only sparse understanding of: (i) what such low carbon societies would look like; (ii) how the fundamental changes required for transition could be effected by current institutions; and (iii) what policy decisions need to be taken in the near future at the national and local level so as not to compromise the attainability of overall mitigation targets.

In the new research planning period the MAG Program will develop practical tools that inform national planners in industrialized and developing countries about transition strategies to lowcarbon economies. The program will use a systems perspective to include all relevant economic sectors and their interactions to highlight how policy objectives such as economic development, energy and food security, local air quality, human health, and adaptation to climate change can be achieved with positive co-benefits to climate change.

Through this analysis the program will make key contributions to the Energy and Climate Area by complementing the global-scale investigations of the Energy (ENE) Program with
assessments that are of immediate relevance to national decision makers. The systems
perspective developed by MAG on the nitrogen cycle will contribute to activities of the Food
and Water Area, and its assessment of health effects in terms of indoor pollution from biomass combustion will also be part of the work planned in the Poverty and Equity Area.

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Last edited: 22 July 2013

CONTACT DETAILS

Markus Amann

Program Director

Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases

T +43(0) 2236 807 432

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313