ENE scientists developed a novel approach to assessing energy security. This approach is based on systematic analysis of energy systems and vulnerabilities to answer three fundamental questions which are on the mind of every policy-maker dealing with energy security: what to protect? from which risks and by what means
In analyzing what to protect IIASA researchers focus on vital energy systems which are not limited - as in conventional energy security analysis - to oil supplies but also include other fuels, carriers, energy infrastructure and end-uses, both current and potentially emerging in the future (e.g. biofuels, renewable energies or hydrogen infrastructure)
In analysing the key risks ENE focuses not only on geopolitical risks associated with import dependencies and market power but also vulnerability of infrastructure and exposure to yet unknown and unpredictable threats.
Finally to analyze the ways to protect vital energy systems, ENE scientists explore various options ranging from switching to more abundant and evenly distributed sources of energy to increasing the diversity of energy sources and technologies, many of which would occur under low-carbon energy transformations. IIASA also plans to develop long-term energy transformation scenarios where energy security is a key driver of change along with climate, energy access and economic development considerations.
This systematic method to assessing energy security has been used in the Global Energy Assessment for evaluating current energy security in over 130 countries as well as the global and regional energy security under different decarbonization scenarios up to the year 2100. A similar approach formed the basis of the recent IEA Model of Short-term Energy Security (MOSES).
Last edited: 27 May 2014
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313