BeWhere Journal Publications

The development of the BeWhere model has been published in many scientific journals.

Mandova H, Leduc S, Wang C, Wetterlund E, Patrizio P, Gale W, & Kraxner F (2018). Possibilities for CO 2 emission reduction using biomass in European integrated steel plants. Biomass and Bioenergy 115: 231-243. DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2018.04.021.

Mesfun S, Sanchez DL, Leduc S, Wetterlund E, Lundgren J, Biberracher M, & Kraxner F (2017). Power-to-gas and power-to-liquid for managing renewable electricity intermittency in the Alpine Region. Renewable Energy 107: 361-372. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2017.02.020.

Xylia M, Leduc S, Patrizio P, Kraxner F, & Silveira S (2017). Locating charging infrastructure for electric buses in Stockholm. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 78: 183-200. DOI:10.1016/j.trc.2017.03.005.

Patrizio P, Leduc S, Chinese D, & Kraxner F (2017). Internalizing the external costs of biogas supply chains in the Italian energy sector. Energy 125: 85-96. DOI:10.1016/

Campana PE, Leduc S, Kim M, Olsson A, Zhang J, Liu J, Kraxner F, McCallum I, et al. (2017). Suitable and optimal locations for implementing photovoltaic water pumping systems for grassland irrigation in China. Applied Energy 185 (Part 2): 1879-1889. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.01.004.

Khatiwada D, Leduc S, Silveira S, & McCallum I (2016). Optimizing ethanol and bioelectricity production in sugarcane biorefineries in Brazil. Renewable Energy 85: 371-386. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2015.06.009.

Patrizio P, Leduc S, Chinese D, Dotzauer E, & Kraxner F (2015). Biomethane as transport fuel - A comparison with other biogas utilization pathways in northern Italy. Applied Energy 157: 25-34. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.07.074.

Campana PE, Leduc S, Kim M, Liu J, Kraxner F, McCallum I, Li H, & Yan J (2015). Optimal grassland locations for sustainable photovoltaic water pumping systems in China. Energy Procedia 75: 301-307. DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.355.

Slegers PM, Leduc S, Wijffels RH, van Straten G, & von Boxtel AJB (2015). Logistic analysis of algae cultivation. Bioresource Technology 179: 314-322. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2014.12.033.

Natarajan K, Leduc S, Pelkonen P, Tomppo E, & Dotzauer E (2014). Optimal locations for second generation Fischer Tropsch biodiesel production in Finland. Renewable Energy 62: 319-330. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2013.07.013.

Kraxner F, Aoki K, Leduc S, Kindermann G, Fuss S, Yang J, Yamagata Y, Tak K, et al. (2014). BECCS in South Korea - Analyzing the negative emissions potential of bioenergy as a mitigation tool. Renewable Energy 61: 102-108. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2012.09.064.

Kraxner F, Leduc S, Fuss S, Aoki K, Kindermann G, & Yamagata Y (2014). Energy resilient solutions for Japan - a BECCS case study. Energy Procedia 61: 2791-2796. DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.12.316.

Wetterlund E, Leduc S, Dotzauer E, & Kindermann G (2013). Optimal use of forest residues in Europe under different policies-second generation biofuels versus combined heat and power. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery 3 (1): 3-16. DOI:10.1007/s13399-012-0054-2.

Schmidt J, Schoenhart M, Biberacher M, Guggenberger T, Hausl S, Kalt G, Leduc S, Schardinger I, et al. (2012). Regional energy autarky: Potentials, costs and consequences for an Austrian region. Energy Policy 47: 211-221. DOI:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.04.059.

Natarajan K, Leduc S, Pelkonen P, Tomppo E, & Dotzauer E (2012). Optimal locations for methanol and CHP production in Eastern Finland. Bioenergy Research 5 (2): 412-423. DOI:10.1007/s12155-011-9152-4.

Wetterlund E, Leduc S, Dotzauer E, & Kindermann G (2012). Optimal localisation of biofuel production on a European scale. Energy 41 (1): 462-472. DOI:10.1016/

Leduc S, Wetterlund E, Dotzauer E, & Kindermann G (2012). CHP or biofuel production in Europe? Energy Procedia: 40-49. DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2012.03.006.

Schmidt J, Leduc S, Dotzauer E, & Schmid E (2011). Cost-effective policy instruments for greenhouse gas emission reduction and fossil fuel substitution through bioenergy production in Austria. Energy Policy 39 (6): 3261-3280. DOI:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.018.

Schmidt J, Leduc S, Dotzauer E, Kindermann G, & Schmid E (2010). Potential of biomass-fired combined heat and power plants considering the spatial distribution of biomass supply and heat demand. International Journal of Energy Research 34 (11): 970-985. DOI:10.1002/er.1623.

Schmidt J, Leduc S, Dotzauer E, Kindermann G, & Schmid E (2010). Cost-effective CO2 emission reduction through heat, power and biofuel production from woody biomass: A spatially explicit comparison of conversion technologies. Applied Energy 87 (7): 2128-2141. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.11.007.

Leduc S, Starfelt F, Dotzauer E, Kindermann G, McCallum I, Obersteiner M, & Lundgren J (2010). Optimal location of lignocellulosic ethanol refineries with polygeneration in Sweden. Energy 35 (6): 2709-2716. DOI:10.1016/

Leduc S, Lundgren J, Franklin O, & Dotzauer E (2010). Location of a biomass based methanol production plant: A dynamic problem in northern Sweden. Applied Energy 87 (1): 68-75. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.02.009.

Leduc S, Natarajan K, Dotzauer E, McCallum I, & Obersteiner M (2009). Optimizing biodiesel production in India. Applied Energy 86 (1): S125-S131. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.05.024.

Leduc S, Schmid E, Obersteiner M, & Riahi K (2009). Methanol production by gasification using a geographically explicit model. Biomass and Bioenergy 33 (5): 745-751. DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.12.008.

Leduc S, Schwab D, Dotzauer E, Schmid E, & Obersteiner M (2008). Optimal location of wood gasification plants for methanol production with heat recovery. International Journal of Energy Research: 1080-1091. DOI:10.1002/er.1446.

Print this page

Last edited: 23 May 2018


Sylvain Leduc

Research Scholar

Ecosystems Services and Management

T +43(0) 2236 807 267

BeWhere Model

Return to BeWhere Main Page for

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313